Tanzania has been spared the internal strife that has blighted many African states.
Though it remains one of the poorest countries in the world, with many of its people living below the World Bank poverty line, it has had some success in wooing donors and investors.
Tanzania assumed its present form in 1964 after a merger between the mainland Tanganyika and the island of Zanzibar, which had become independent the previous year.
Full name: United Republic of Tanzania
Population: 38.4 million (UN, 2005)
Area: 945,087 sq km (364,900 sq miles)
Major languages: English, Swahili
Major religions: Christianity, Islam
Life expectancy: 46 years (men), 46 years (women) (UN)
Monetary unit: 1 Tanzanian shilling = 100 cents
Main exports: Sisal, cloves, coffee, cotton, cashew nuts, minerals, tobacco
GNI per capita: US $340 (World Bank, 2006)
Internet domain: .tz
International dialling code: +255
Von Der Decken Safaris
Phone : +255 783 083 318